If you’re diagnosed with colon or rectal cancer or have a chronic digestive condition like inflammatory bowel disease (Chron’s disease and ulcerative colitis), your doctor may recommend a proctectomy. This procedure removes all or part of the rectum, depending on your unique needs.
At Summit Surgical Specialists, Dr. Parker specializes in the latest minimally invasive techniques for proctectomy. That includes robotic surgery, a platform that often offers significantly less pain, faster recovery, and quicker return to bowel function.
Types of Proctectomy
Proctectomy is most commonly used to treat rectal cancer. The type of proctectomy used depends on where the cancer is and how much it has spread (stage). Options include:
Transanal (local) proctectomy
This procedure is used for cancer that can be reached through the anal opening and has not spread too deeply. It does not require an incision.
Low anterior resection (LAR)
For cancer that is higher and deeper in the rectum, a more significant section of the rectum may need to be removed through an incision in the lower belly. If there is enough healthy rectum tissue left, the surgeon reconnects it in a process called anastomosis. You will be able to have regular bowel movements through the anus.
Abdominoperineal resection (APR)
If the cancer is close to the anal opening but substantial, you may have an APR procedure. The rectum is removed, and the anal opening is closed. A new opening called an ostomy is created in the abdomen, where the small end of the colon is attached and visible on the outside of the body. This is called a stoma. A discreet collection bag is then fitted around the stoma to collect stool.
Minimally Invasive: Get Back on Your Feet Faster
Traditional “open” proctectomy requires a large incision and a sometimes lengthy and difficult recovery. Whenever possible, colorectal surgeon Dr. Parker uses a more minimally invasive approach — either laparoscopic or robotic-assisted with da Vinci® technology — which requires just a few small incisions.
During robotic surgery, your surgeon sits at a console next to you and operates using tiny, wristed instruments. The da Vinci system translates every hand movement your surgeon makes in real-time to bend and rotate the instruments with ultra-precision. A camera provides a high-definition, 3D magnified view inside your body, along with an imaging system that helps ensure there is good blood supply when reconnecting the colon and rectum.
These techniques often offer a variety of benefits, including:
- Less post-operative pain
- Less scarring
- Fewer complications
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery
- Quicker return to bowel function
As with any major surgery, there are potential risks, and not every patient is a candidate for minimally invasive surgery. Your colorectal surgeon will carefully discuss all options with you and help find the right procedure for your health and life.